The Court of Justice of the European Union
The Court of Justice of the European Union is charged with the interpretation of the EU Treaties, as agreed by the Member States, and the laws made under those Treaties by the Union’s Institutions. The Court of Justice is composed of one judge per member state, so that all 27 of the EU’s national legal systems are represented.
The Court of Justice is assisted by the General Court in coping with the large number of cases brought before it. This consists of at least one judge per Member State and is responsible for giving rulings on certain kinds of case, particularly actions brought by private individuals or companies and cases relating to competition law.